Beech features: heavy, strong, impact-resistant, easy to bend under steam, can be shaped, good nail holding performance, but easy to crack. Grain
Clearly organized, the wood texture is uniform, the tones are soft and smooth. It is heavier than most hardwoods, and is prone to cracks during drying and processing in the kiln.
The material of the same beech imported from European and American countries is good, and the import price is several times that of the domestic beech. Domestic beech, also known as Shui Qing Gang, is different from beech wood, structure, wood grain, and wood, and its price is lower.
Beech wood is dense and heavy, with fine and straight wood grains, and few textures and spots; domestic beech wood is loose, light, and has no obvious wood texture, with many textures and color differences.
Beech trees can grow to more than 30 meters in diameter and up to 1.5 meters in diameter. The texture of beech wood is layered, which is more abundant than elm. Suzhou craftsmen call it "Pagoda pattern". Beech wood is also harder than ordinary wood, but not hard wood. Among the furniture materials of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, beech wood has an important position and has been valued by people since ancient times. Beech is a common material for making furniture in Suzhou. There are also a lot of beech furniture in the north, most of which are made in Ming style and the same workmanship as Huang Huali, which is always valued by collectors.
The North did not know this name, and called this wood Nanyu. Although it is not a luxurious wood, it is widely used in Ming and Qing traditional furniture, especially in folk. This type of beech furniture is mostly Ming style, and its modeling and manufacturing methods are basically the same as those of hardwood furniture such as Huanghuali, and it has considerable artistic value and historical value. Beech is of the elm family, deciduous trees, several feet tall, the bark is hard, gray-brown, with coarse wrinkles and small protrusions; there are serrations, and the leaf quality is slightly thin. In spring, it has light yellow flowers, unisexual, androgynous. After flowering, small fruits are formed, which are slightly triangular. This wood material is firm and beautiful in texture, and can be used for construction and utensils.
Beech wood is our most common wood used for solid wood stairs. The difference between heart and sapwood is unclear or subtle. The wood is white or very light yellow-brown, and can be turned into light reddish brown when placed in the air. The texture is straight, the muscle structure is delicate and uniform, and the wood is shiny. Broadwood rays are significant, especially on the longitudinal section. Dark stripes or markings appear on the light background. The material varies greatly with the growth conditions. The wood dries quickly, the properties are good, and the wood is hard and heavy. Denmark and Northern Europe produce harder than other regions.
The average dry weight is about 961 kg/m3. The strength properties of undried wood are similar to European oak, but the bending strength, stiffness, hardness, shear strength and splitting strength of wood are about 20% higher than European oak and about 40% higher impact resistance. Wood has excellent bending properties and is not difficult to process, but often behaves differently due to different materials.
European beech is divided into red beech and white beech. The two are the same kind of wood before drying, the difference is that red beech has a process of steam fumigation during drying, while white beech does not. Therefore, the English name of red beech is STEAMED BEECH (meaning "beech wood fumigated by steam"), and the white beech is UNSTEAMED BEECH (meaning beech wood not fumigated by steam"). The length of steam fumigation determines the depth of the beech red.
Generally speaking, Italian red beech is darker, while France and Denmark are lighter. One thing to note is that the white beech is not snow-white, but lighter pink. The so-called "waterline" is the heartwood of beech wood. The heartwood of beech wood is reddish brown to brown after drying. If the heartwood is cut during the board making process, the board will have reddish brown or brown stripes or ellipses (depending on the shape of the heartwood) It depends), does not affect the strength and other physical properties of wood, but is generally considered to affect aesthetics. Beech lumber produced by lumber mills in Romania, Poland, and Turkey generally has more waterlines. Generally speaking, the dried board is used in the north, and the moisture content should be below 12%. When making stairs or furniture, it should be 8%-10%. It should not exceed 15% when used in the South.
Due to the ease of obtaining materials and the addition of "excellent talent", beech became the focus of the original furniture selection. Before the style of the mahogany furniture in the Ming and Qing Dynasties was not mature, beech wood was widely used in the production of traditional furniture in the Jiangnan area. There is even a saying that "no beech is impossible," and its popularity is evident. There is no shortage of beech works with excellent craftsmanship in history, mostly from the classic "Su", its style is also comparable to hardwood furniture such as Huanghuali. However, as the mahogany with collector's value gradually formed a reputation in the high-end market, the status of beech wood also slowly declined.
1. As far as the nature of beech furniture is concerned, the beech material is hard and impact resistant.
2. It is easy to bend under steam and can make various shapes, but it is not easy to deform when dry and durable.
3. From the appearance, beech wood has a uniform wood texture, beautiful texture, soft and smooth tones. Can be used for construction and utensils.
4. Good processing, finishing and adhesion.
1. Because the age of each tree is different, the color and density of the tree are different, so the color of the furniture will be different.
2. It is easy to crack and deform when the kiln is dried and processed. Therefore, it is not easy to make a set of furniture successfully.